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  • Hard life for high-profile inmates in jail

    first_imgFormer Telecom Minister A RajaFormer telecom minister A. Raja spends his day in a 15×10 feet cell in Jail No. 1 of Delhi’s Tihar Jail. The cell doesn’t have a bed. Charged with facilitating a Rs 1,76,000-crore scam, he sleeps on the floor using two of the six blankets given to him as a mattress. Says Neeraj Kumar, director general prisons (Delhi), “Inside the jail, no one is a VIP. High-profile prisoners have been extended no extra facilities unless permitted by the court.” In Raja’s case, the court has granted him permission to get home-cooked food twice a week. Two conditions come attached: it should contain no curry and fruits.Former Satyam boss Ramalinga RajuCourts have been more generous to some other high-profile prisoners. A court directed the Central Prison in Chanchalguda in Hyderabad to accord “special remand prisoner status” to former Satyam boss M. Ramalinga Raju. Prisoners have the right to apply for this status on the basis of their social standing and economic profile before being incarcerated. There are less than 20 prisoners in the special category among the 13,000 lodged in different jails across Andhra Pradesh.The special status entitles Raju to better living conditions. Unlike Raja, Raju has a cot, a mattress, two pillows, a mosquito net, a reading table with a chair, and an additional easy chair in his prison cell. The ‘special status’ also enables him to get fruits, something that is denied to an ordinary remand prisoner like Raja. Raju is also entitled to fresh clothes and reading material. Like ordinary prisoners, he is allowed two visitors a week. Other privileges to those granted special status by a court include a barber on call. Ordinary remand prisoners have to wait for their turn: there are usually only 15 barbers for every 1,000 prisoners.advertisementHaldiram co-owner Prabhu Shankar AgarwalLife in prison, even with special privileges, is worse than in a hospital bed. Nine months after he was first imprisoned, Raju was moved to an air-conditioned ward in Hyderabad’s Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences after he was diagnosed with Hepatitis C and a heart ailment. He stayed there for 10 months before being granted bail by the high court. The Supreme Court cancelled his bail 84 days later and sent him back to prison.Manu Sharma, sentenced to life in prison for the murder of Jessica Lall, managed to get parole for two months in September 2009 to look after his ailing mother. Keen to make up for the lack of a social life in prison, Sharma hit Delhi’s clubbing circuit with a vengeance only to get into a public brawl at a nightclub. His parole was cancelled.Raja, for the moment, seems content with socialising within Tihar’s walls. Prison guards saw him in conversation with R.K. Sharma, a former IPS officer convicted for the murder of journalist Shivani Bhatnagar.According to Kumar, the prisoners are given ample opportunity to get together. “There are designated hours when prisoners are allowed to visit the common room or the sports field,” he says. Sharma is reportedly an enthusiastic sportsperson and captains his jail’s Twenty20 cricket team. Tihar Jail also has a television in each barrack.Jesica Lall murder convict Manu SharmaSome VIP prisoners help improve the quality of life of their fellow inmates. Prabhu Shankar Agarwal, co-owner of the Rs 500-crore Haldiram Bhujiawala snacks and eateries chain, spent a number of months in Kolkata’s Alipore Central Jail, accused of conspiring to kill a tea-stall owner, before he was released on bail last September. He spent his jail term doing what he knew best: supervising the kitchen. “He contributed to improve the quality of food which was being served in our canteen. Many times he would make snacks such as samosas and kachoris to demonstrate to others,” says an official at the jail. He trained at least 10 people in the art of cooking.Social hierarchies don’t just dissolve in jail. A Tihar prisoner who was released three months ago says, “The social profile outside the jail prevails inside the jail. Some privileges get accorded in a clandestine manner.” He blames the lower level prison staff for this. In 2009, for example, Tihar officials recovered prohibited Internet data cards and pen drives from jail numbers 2, 3 and 4. In 2010, authorities recovered nine cellphones and 11 sim cards. A number of counter-measures like mobile phone jammers and cctv surveillance were installed after these incidents. Says the former prisoner: “Tihar jail is much better than other prisons, but high-profile prisoners can still buy their comfort.”For a high-profile prisoner, Raja seems to have caused minimal problems for the authorities and made few demands. Says Kumar: “He is cooperative and we have no issues with him.” Raja follows the jail routine to the tee. He gets up at 5 a.m. and arrives punctually for breakfast at 6 a.m. At 7 p.m., he lines up with the other prisoners for a headcount before all are locked in their respective cells for the night.advertisement”Jail is a great leveller,” says Kumar. But a privileged few will always be more equal than others.- with Shutapa Paullast_img read more

  • Cricket ground in the United States named after Gavaskar

    first_imgMumbai, Oct 26 (PTI) Cricket legend Sunil Gavaskar inaugurated a cricket field in Louisville in the state of Kentucky in USA, thus making it the first international sporting facility named after an Indian sportsperson.The Sunil Gavaskar Field, inaugurated on October 15, will serve as the home ground for the Louisville Cricket Club, which is part of the 42- team MidWest Cricket League, a media release said today.The club, along with Louisville Mayor Greg Fischer, built a cricket pitch at the Hays Kennedy Park.”I am delighted and privileged at the honor,” Gavaskar said in a statement.”Its a unique honour to have a cricket field named after me, especially in a country where cricket is not a premier sport.”The club also organized a dinner for Gavaskar, where Fischer presented him with a key to the city. Mayor Fischer said he expects the citys USD 150,000 investment in the fields will reap great rewards.”We are an increasingly global community, and cricket is already part of our citys sporting landscape,” he said.”We hope the investment at Hays Kennedy Park will open the sport to more local participation, and the city to even more global opportunities,” he added. PTI SSR KHS KHSlast_img read more

  • ATTENTION ALL AFFILIATES

    first_imgAll associations affiliated to the Australian Touch Association PLEASE NOTE: Your Certificate of Currency expires at 4pm on January 15 2005. The new Certificate of Currency for the period January 15 2005 until 15 January 2006 will be available during the week beginning January 16. Please email lyn@austouch.com.au to obtain your new Certificate of Currency and provide your affiliate name and fax number to receive a copy of the Certificate of Currency. Any queries please call Lyn on (02) 6285 2703 or 1800 654 951last_img

  • Eriksen hints at Madrid move & reveals he’s ready to quit Spurs

    first_imgChristian Eriksen has hinted he would be interested in a move to Real Madrid after revealing he wants to leave Tottenham to “try something new”.Eriksen has been linked with a move away from north London for some time after failing to negotiate a new contract with Spurs.And Real, who have already signed Eintracht Frankfurt striker Luka Jovic, are expected to make a number of signings this summer and could get Eriksen at a cut price as his current deal expires in 2020.  Article continues below Editors’ Picks ‘There is no creativity’ – Can Solskjaer get Man Utd scoring freely again? ‘Everyone legged it on to the pitch!’ – How Foden went from Man City superfan to future superstar Emery out of jail – for now – as brilliant Pepe papers over Arsenal’s cracks What is Manchester United’s ownership situation and how would Kevin Glazer’s sale of shares affect the club? The Denmark international says he is not aware any concrete talks between Real and Spurs have taken place, but acknowledged it could be time for him to move on,Speaking to Danish outlet Ekstra Bladet , Eriksen said: “I feel that I am at a place in my career where I might want to try something new. I have the deepest respect for everything that has happened at Tottenham but I have also said that I would like to try something new.”I hope there will be clarification during the summer. That’s the plan. In football you do not know when clarification will come. It can happen anytime. It would be best for everyone if it happens as soon as possible, but in football things take time.”It depends on Daniel Levy. And another club has to come in. Or I have to sit down at the table and negotiate a new contract. You can’t set a date yourself.”If I have to go, then hopefully it will be a step up. It’s [a potential move to Real Madrid] a step up. But that requires Real Madrid to call Tottenham and say they want me. And they have not done so yet, as far as I know.”It is hard. It depends on the possibilities. If nothing pops up that is more exciting, why not stay at Tottenham? If I am to sign a new contract it depends on the conditions.”Should Eriksen leave Spurs this summer, he would bring a six-year spell at the club to a close having signed from Ajax in 2013.Spurs chairman Daniel Levy has done a number of big-money deals with the Liga club in the past, negotiating huge fees for Luka Modric in 2012 and Gareth Bale in 2013.last_img read more

  • Eitzen Secures USD 100 Mln Loan

    first_imgzoom Oslo-based owner and operator of chemical tankers Eitzen Chemical ASA has entered into a loan facility with Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken AB and NIBC Bank N.V. related to its restructuring as set out in the company’s Plan Support Agreement (PSA) The loan amounts to USD 100 million and it is split into two segments: USD 33.3 million Revolving Credit Facility and USD 66.7 million Term Loan Facility.Subject to approval of a new lender by all lenders, the total commitments may be increased by up to USD 50 million, according to Eitzen.The company said it may raise new and additional debt financing on second priority basis to support approved investments after the closing date using the collateral vessels as security.Completion of the restructuring as set out in the Plan Support Agreement (PSA) is expected to take place by the end of January, and in any event no later than 28 February 2015, the company said.Under the USD 850 million plan, which purports granting of loans and sale-and-leasebacks, the company’s bondholders are to take over  98% of the company’s debt.The company intends to change its name to Team Tankers International and is also looking to re-incorporate in Bermuda as part of the restructuring process.last_img read more

  • In the news today Nov 16

    first_imgFive stories in the news for Friday, Nov. 16———REVIEW FINDS GUN LICENCE SCREENING BACKLOGSInvestigations into whether gun licences should be revoked due to violent incidents or mental illness have faced “significant delays” that could endanger public safety, says an internal RCMP review. A lack of timely access to certain police and medical information has contributed to processing backlogs for firearms officers reviewing licence eligibility, warns the newly released audit report. The audit results come as the Liberal government studies options — including a possible ban on handguns and assault weapons — to deal with growing firearm-related violence.———SENTENCING HEARING FOR DELLEN MILLARD TODAYA Toronto man found guilty of killing his father is up for a sentencing hearing today. In September, a judge found Dellen Millard guilty of the first-degree murder of Wayne Millard, whose death was initially ruled a suicide. It was the third such conviction for Dellen Millard, who was previously found guilty of murdering his former lover Laura Babcock and Hamilton man Tim Bosma, a complete stranger. Prosecutors have told the judge they will ask for an additional 25 years of parole ineligibility on top of the 50 years Millard must serve in prison without parole for the previous murders.———CANNABIS BLACK MARKET LIVES ON, FOR NOWIt’s been nearly a month since recreational pot was legalized across Canada, and despite raids by local police departments and government warnings to illegal pot shop operators to shutter their doors or face consequences, the black market continues on. Product shortages, delivery delays and other problems plaguing the roll-out have not helped, said Martin Landry, an analyst with GMP Securities. He said the shift away from the black market has not happened as fast as most expected, but he said he thinks it’s short term. Canada legalized cannabis for recreational use on Oct. 17 with the elimination of the black market as one of the Liberal government’s main goals.———SICK NOTE REQUIREMENT A STEP BACKWARD: CMAA national doctors’ group is raising concerns about the Ontario government’s move to allow employers to require workers to provide a doctor’s note to explain even minor illnesses, such as the common cold. Canadian Medical Association president Dr. Gigi Osler says the measure could cause public health issues, as it will lead to sick people going to the doctor’s office or to work, rather than staying home. The CMA has released the results of an online survey it commissioned to gauge opinion on the issue. It says the poll, conducted by Ipsos, suggests a majority of working Canadians oppose allowing employers to require sick notes for minor illnesses.———BREXIT ABOUT SOVEREIGNTY, NOT TRADE: SCHEERCanadian Conservative Leader Andrew Scheer says his support for Britain’s departure from the European Union is undiminished, despite the chaos Brexit has sown in British politics. The United Kingdom was plunged into uncertainty Thursday as Prime Minister Theresa May’s new Brexit deal with Europe met a rash of criticism. Two cabinet ministers resigned, the British pound fell sharply, and part of May’s own Conservative caucus was trying to take her out. Scheer said his support for Britain’s move out of the EU rests not on economics or the practicalities of trade, but rather on the principle of sovereignty.———ALSO IN THE NEWS:— Two separate conferences that will bring together delegates and security experts from around the world are set to begin today in Halifax. The high-level discussions are being held the NATO Parliamentary Assembly and the Halifax International Security Forum.— Statistics Canada is expected to release its monthly survey of manufacturing for September and Canada’s international transactions in securities for September.— A judge is expected to hand down a verdict in the trial for a youth charged with first-degree murder in the death of a Mac’s convenience store worker during a robbery in December 2015.The Canadian Presslast_img read more

  • Vancouver police ignored concrete tips on serial killer Pickton

    first_imgAPTN National NewsSerial killer Robert Pickton was convicted of six counts of second degree murder.But the remains, or DNA, of 33 women were found on Pickton’s pig farm.Pickton also admitted to an undercover police officer he killed 49 women.So why didn’t police catch Pickton sooner, despite numerous tips?APTN National News reporter Wayne Roberts has this story from Vancouver.last_img

  • 100th and 100th intersection to be closed Thursday for start of repaving

    first_imgThe intersection has been closed on numerous occasions since May when a water main failure caused the intersection to be closed for emergency repairs.Since then, the road saw one closure in mid-July and two others in late August, causing many residents to vent their frustrations about the state of the road surface.Harvey said that after crews finish milling the surface of the intersection, a new layer of asphalt will be laid down to resurface the roads several days later. FORT ST. JOHN, B.C. – Officials with the City of Fort St. John say that the main downtown intersection of 100th Street and 100th Avenue will be closed on Thursday for the start of a long-awaited resurfacing project.Communications Coordinator Ryan Harvey said that the intersection will be closed to traffic in all directions as crews start milling the road surface to prepare it for the laying down of new pavement.last_img read more

  • 32 Acts of Islamophobia in France Since Paris Terrorist Attacks

    New York –Acts if Islamophobia in France are increasing following the Paris terrorist attacks.The aftermath of the terrorist attacks that hit Paris on November 13 have had major consequences for the Muslim community all around the world, especially in France where 32  acts of Islamophobia have been registered since last Friday, according to France 24 channel.Muslims are being targeted and blamed for the despicable acts conducted by the so-called Islamic State and other extremists who slander, dishonor and twist the Islamic faith, its Holy Koran and all Muslims. The French Ministry of the Interior has received several complaints of Islamophobia, including degradation of mosques, physical violence and hateful speech toward Muslims.The Observatory against Islamophobia of the French Council of the Muslim Culture (CFCM) “calls on the Muslims of France for caution”, according to LCI news channel.“Eighteen threats, through hate mail or insults” have been recorded, the president of the CFCM Abdallah Zekri said.According to AFP, shortly after the Paris attacks on Friday night that claimed the lives of 130 victims and left 350 others injured, “crosses of dripping red paint” were found at the mosque in Créteil, a commune in the southeastern suburbs of Paris.In Pontivy, Brittany, in northwestern France a North African man was “beaten” by regionalist group during an anti-immigrant demonstration, the CFCM noted.Marseille in the south of France, the country’s second largest city, has seen its share of Islamophobic assaults as well.Following the police raid in Saint-Deni, which thwarted a terrorist attack killing three terrorists, including the alleged mastermind of the Paris carnage, a young woman was brutally attacked at a subway exit in Marseille by a man who called her a “terrorist,” according to AFP.CFCM’s President Zekri condemned these acts of hatred saying: “These Nazi apprentices benefit from these attacks to go after places of worship and women.”“We’ve been unfortunate since January after the Charlie Hebdo attacks, where 50 anti-Muslim acts were conducted, but we see that the situation advances,” he added.“These are cowardly acts, certainly not as strong as those committed at the massacre on November 13,” Zekri told LCI news. read more

  • King Mohammed VI Reiterates Moroccos Support for Legitimate Rights of Palestinian

    Rabat – King Mohammed VI sent, on Wednesday, a message to the chairman of the United Nations Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian, on the occasion of the International Day of Solidarity with the Palestinian People. Here follows the full text of the royal message:Your Excellency, Mr. Fodé Seck, Chairman of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People,Ladies and Gentlemen, I should like to extend my warmest congratulations to our sister nation, the Republic of Senegal, for the renewed confidence placed in that country to chair the Committee for a forty-second consecutive term.The trust placed in Senegal by the international community attests to the role played by this sister nation at the global level. Through this mandate, the UN system recognizes Senegal as an important player in the international arena. This is evidenced by the pivotal role Senegal played at the United Nations Organization, which led to the adoption of Security Council Resolution 2334 on 23 December 2016 that deemed that no settlement activity in the occupied Palestinian territories had any legal validity.I have been in the habit of sending a message to your esteemed Committee on this International Day to reiterate the Kingdom of Morocco’s position as well as its continuing, unwavering support for the historical and legitimate rights of the Palestinian people. It gives me pleasure to express, once again, my appreciation to the distinguished Committee members for their sincere efforts to foster awareness of the need to defend the inalienable rights of the Palestinian people, uphold legitimacy and set up the independent Palestinian State, with al-Quds al-Sharif as its capital.Ladies and Gentlemen,Last year, I concluded my message to you on a hopeful note: that 2017 would be the year during which the peace process would no longer be in a state of insuperableness and stagnation, and that we would see the light at the end of the long tunnel as far as the Palestinian cause was concerned. It is, however, most regrettable that not only do hopes of peace seem to be fading, but peace itself appears unattainable. As a result, fears of an uncertain future in the region have been growing, especially as the facts on the ground, which the Israeli government confirms with each passing day, point to an intention to lay the two-state solution to rest – a solution which the international community agreed would be the only way to resolve the Palestinian conflict. Those facts on the ground substantiate the principle of a single, apartheid-like state, with two systems.It was my hope and the hope of the Palestinians – indeed of all freedom-lovers around the world – that 2017 would see the end of the Israeli occupation so that efforts could be focused on the practicalities of the peace agenda. However, the other party has sought to divert attention towards secondary matters, which are the natural outcome of a colonial policy and of an intensification of settlement activities, both of which create fertile ground for violence and extremism.Instead of reacting positively to the Arab Peace Initiative and other international initiatives – especially the 2003 Road Map, which was adopted by the Security Council, and the French initiative, which led to the Paris Peace Conference earlier this year, in a bid to salvage the two-State solution – the Israeli Government rejected all of the above without proposing alternatives or constructive solutions to resume negotiations with the Palestinians that would lead to a two-State solution, for two countries living side by side, in peace and security.Ladies and Gentlemen,Every day brings a host of violations perpetrated against the Palestinians in the occupied territories, including the infringement of their right to freedom of movement and expression, more and more arbitrary arrests, prolonged detention without trial and ill-treatment of prisoners, not to mention repeated incursions into many parts of the West Bank. Given these practices, the international community is duty-bound to enforce the international mechanisms for the protection of the Palestinian people.What is indisputable is the fact that the ever expanding construction of illegal settlements is an enemy of peace. Such illegal activities have increased at an alarming rate since the beginning of 2017, not to mention the retroactive legitimization of settlement outposts, in blatant defiance of Security Council resolutions and in violation of all international instruments and resolutions relating to the Palestinian issue. It is therefore legitimate to wonder: Is there still room for the establishment of a Palestinian State that would live side by side with Israel?Maintaining the status quo would undoubtedly constitute a real threat to the Palestinian and the Israeli peoples, and the risks of tension, extremism, incitement of hatred and instability would remain real in the region and the world.We note, with deep concern, the Israeli government’s persistence to allow settlement schemes to continue in the occupied Palestinian territories, including in holy sites in al-Quds. We therefore call on the Security Council and all members of the international community to act swiftly to compel Israel – the occupying power – to respect the legal and historical status of the occupied Palestinian territories.When we refer to the Palestinian State, that naturally includes the Gaza Strip, for it is an integral part of Palestine. This Palestinian territory has been under Israeli siege for a decade. As a result, the pace of reconstruction, following the 2014 Israeli aggression, has been very slow, thereby hindering the development process and driving up the unemployment rate to nearly 60%, according to UN estimates.Ladies and Gentlemen,Last July, in my in capacity as Chairman of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation’s al-Quds Committee, I sent a letter to the UN Secretary-General, drawing his attention to the Israeli authorities’ continuing and systematic violations in al-Quds and in al-Aqsa Mosque designed to impose new facts on the ground. I called for swift measures to be taken to compel the Israeli government to respect the legal and historical status of al-Quds and the holy sites, and warned against the perils of turning the Palestinian-Israeli political dispute into a religious conflict.A few months later, the Israeli government lifted the ban on visits by members of the Knesset to the blessed al-Aqsa Mosque, allowing them to enter the al-Haram al-Sharif in East al-Quds, under the protection of the police. This decision is basically and ultimately designed to pave the way for the spatial and temporal division of the al-Aqsa Mosque, without any regard for international appeals to refrain from changing the legal status of those places.The changes Israel has systematically introduced with respect to the historical status of al-Quds and the al-Aqsa Mosque amount to playing with fire. Indeed, the Israeli practices are likely to arouse sentiments of religiously motivated hostility which could lead to a violent religious conflict. I therefore call once again on Israel to respect the historical and legal status of the holy sites in the city which has been occupied since 1967, and I reiterate our rejection of Israel’s decision to annex it.Ladies and Gentlemen,The division that prevailed, for years, among our Palestinian brothers played into the hands of the Israeli occupation, and the biggest losers are the Palestinians, who have long been yearning for unity and a dignified life.I have stressed, on many occasions, the need to end the state of division and to opt, resolutely and in good faith, for a national unity Government that would shoulder its responsibilities towards the Palestinian people and serve as the sole, credible interlocutor in any endeavor with the international community to end the ordeal and the injustice suffered by the Palestinians.Today, after years of division and scattering of efforts, our Palestinian brothers have concluded a reconciliation agreement. We cannot but welcome that. It is a step in the right direction – one which is likely to help end the state of division and restore the spirit of national unity, as a prelude to fulfilling the Palestinian people’s aspirations for an independent State, with al-Quds as its capital. I hope our Palestinian brothers will continue to consolidate their unity and to close ranks in order to serve the Palestinian national agenda.Ladies and Gentlemen,It goes without saying that the Palestinian cause is the most important issue for the Arab and Muslim world. Allowing it to go unresolved jeopardizes the future of the peoples in the region and is a key driver of extremism and instability. Therefore, it is necessary to break the stalemate and put an end to the uncertainty characterizing the peace process. Moreover, there should be meaningful negotiations between the Israelis and the Palestinians, with a reasonable time frame, in order to end the occupation and reach an agreement that covers all final-status issues. In the meantime, Israel, being the occupying power, must respect the historical and legal status of the al-Aqsa Mosque and the al-Aqsa Mosque Compound and stop all unilateral measures aimed at changing the Arab, Islamic and Christian identity of East al-Quds. Similarly, the 4 June 1967 lines should be considered as the borders of the Palestinian State, and the settlement activities in all occupied Palestinian territories should stop, in compliance with the relevant United Nations resolutions – the latest being Resolution 2334, passed in 2016.My call for the establishment of an independent Palestinian State is an appeal for legitimacy to be upheld and for an end to be put to the injustice inflicted upon the Palestinian people, so they may fulfil their aspirations for freedom, independence and a dignified life, just like the other peoples of the world.The continuation of the occupation is a blot on the conscience of Israel and the international community. The latter has a legal, political, moral and humanitarian responsibility to end the occupation as well as Israel’s illegal practices in the Palestinian territories. Those practices are the main reasons and arguments put forward by terrorist groups to justify their criminal agenda in the region and in the world.Thank you. read more

  • Brazil beats Haiti in UNbacked peacebuilding soccer match

    “Brazil’s president Ignacio Lula da Silva and Haiti’s interim government came up with the idea of using the game to promote a spirit of peace and to bring people together,” UN spokesman Fred Eckhard told reporters at the UN’s New York Headquarters today.The match took place in Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince, with the Brazilian President and the Haitian national authorities among the more than 15,000 spectators.In addition to making the Sylvio Cantor Stadium area safe, MINUSTAH used the occasion to promote HIV/AIDS awareness, Mr. Eckhard said.

  • Two week holiday could be the death of you study shows lazy

    first_imgLead researcher Dr Dan Cuthbertson said: “In a group of physically active, healthy young individuals that met the recommended physical activity guidelines, just 14 days of increased sedentary behaviour resulted in small but significant reductions in fitness that were accompanied by reductions in muscle mass and increases in body fat. He said people who do not exercise risk obesity and illnesses such as Type 2 diabetes.”The take-home message is two-fold,” he said. “If you do formal exercise, it may not be enough and keeping active as part of your daily life is important.”And for those who don’t exercise, avoiding prolonged sitting and increasing your daily step counts has clear health benefits.”It does appear that there is something in this idea of 10,000 steps a day being good for you.”People have become obsessed with 10,000 steps a day and this research shows it’s a good thing.”NHS guidance states adults should do 150 minutes of activity a week.But the vast majority of adults fail to meet this target.And more than a quarter of Britons fail to do even 30 minutes of activity a week, according to Sport England.Dr Cuthbertson added: “Our day to day physical activity is key to abstaining from disease and health complications. People must avoid sitting for long periods of time.”Tam Fry, chairman of the National Obesity Forum, said millions of Britons needed to overhaul their lifestyle habits.”Yet again the science is telling us that physical activity should not, and must not, be missed,” he said, warning that ill-health in later life would be a “certainty” for those with couch potato habits.Exercising should be a regular part of the day “like brushing your teeth,” he said.“Those who fail to exercise ignore activity at their peril: sarcopenia, serious muscle wasting, and obesity may combine to catch up with them “. Steven Ward, chief executive of fitness organisation ukactive said: “Physical inactivity is society’s silent killer and even short bouts of being sedentary can lead to deadly diseases. “That’s why it’s so important for us to build movement into all aspects of our lives – commuting, working and at play – to reap the myriad benefits of an active lifestyle. “We know from our own ukactive research that lazy summer holidays wreak havoc on our children’s health, so it’s vital that families stay active together at this time of year to ward off unhealthy habits.”Dr Emily Burns, research communications manager at Diabetes UK, which part-funded the study, said: “We know that being physically inactive can increase the risk of Type 2 diabetes, and while we need to wait for the full results, this research suggests that changes inside the body could start after only two weeks of inactivity.”We can all find ways to include physical activity in our daily life – even walking to work or using stairs.”Sarah James, Sports Nutritionist and Health Information Manager at World Cancer Research Fund, said: “Fitting more exercise into each day, whether that be cycling to work or taking the stairs, can make a huge impact on your risk of several serious diseases, including some of the most common cancers.“Being physically active can directly help prevent several cancers, including breast and bowel cancers. Having an active lifestyle is also vital for maintaining a healthy weight, which can in turn reduce your risk of 11 common cancers.” A fortnight lying on a beach may seem like the perfect boost – but new research suggests two weeks of couch potato living  is enough to cause muscles to waste away and fitness levels to plunge, new research shows.The British study on healthy young adults found startling changes to muscle mass and metabolism could occur during a couple of weeks on holiday, or simply lazing around.Scientists have warned that the changes could trigger an increased risk of developing chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and potentially premature death. Researchers from Liverpool University examined 28 fit, young adults, with an average age of 25. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily  Front Page newsletter and new  audio briefings. They asked them to cut activity levels by 80 per cent, from 10,000 daily steps to just 1,500.By the end of 14 days, they had lost almost a third of a kilo of lean muscle (0.8 pounds)– and saw their waistline expand by almost half an inch (1cm). There was also an increase in liver fat and an increase in bad cholesterol markers while overall, cardio-respiratory fitness levels also declined.And when the group returned to their previous fitness habits, they were unable to return to shape within two weeks.The findings are being presented at the European Congress on Obesity in Porto.  For those who don’t exercise, avoiding prolonged sitting and increasing your daily step counts has clear health benefitsDr Dan Cuthbertsonlast_img read more

  • Watch Drone Captures Shark Stalking Surfers at Australian Beach

    first_img The scary moment a great white shark creeps up to unsuspecting surfers at a popular Australian beach has been caught on drone footage.Video captured and shared by The Rogue Droner YouTube channel shows the shark swimming near the shore of Tuncurry Beach in New South Wales, Australia, and “stalking” surfers.The shark can be seen coming dangerously close to five surfers waiting for a wave.“Please be aware the surfers in this video were attempted to be warned by the drone,” The Rogue Droner posted on YouTube. “No surfers were injured.”According to the videographer, four white sharks were spotted on this beach by the New South Wales Department of Primary Industries (NSW DPI) shark-spotting helicopter immediately prior to filming on June 9.The NSW DPI has an app, SharkSmart, that updates surfers and beachgoers on the latest sightings and tagged shark detections in beaches.Some commenters on the YouTube video pointed out the benefits of drone technology in shark detection.“It would be a good idea for cities with popular beaches to invest in drone surveillance during peak hours for such shark sightings … just think of it as an extra life guard with a bird-eye view. Not only for sharks, but also any beach goer / swimmer in distress,” said one commenter. “A lifeguard from a tower station, just cannot see as much as a drone from above. Food for thought … this technology is maturing nicely so put it to good use … especially in settings where information is critical for saving a human life.”More on Geek.com:Watch: Amazing Drone Footage Captures School of Stingrays in AustraliaWatch: Humpback Whales Swim With Dolphins Off Irish CoastChilling Photos Reveal Sharks Lurking Under Myrtle Beach Swimmers Stay on target Watch: Great White Shark Feasts on Dead Whale in Cape Cod BaySurfer Lands on Massive Shark, Gets Bitten at Beach in Florida last_img read more

  • Middlesex DA Marian Ryan Donates 112 Forfeited Cell Phones to Aid Victims

    first_imgWOBURN, MA — In recognition of October being Domestic Violence Awareness Month, District Attorney Marian Ryan has announced that the proceeds of 112 forfeited cell phones will be donated to benefit Portal To Hope, an organization that works to end domestic violence. District Attorney Ryan was joined today by State Representative Paul Donato, State Representative Joseph McGonagle, Everett Chief of Police Steven Mazzie and Founder and Executive Director of Portal To Hope Deborah Fallon.“When victims of domestic violence are seeking to leave abusive situations, they often are forced to abandon their personal cell phones in an effort to sever ties with their abusers,” said District Attorney Ryan. “The proceeds from these phones will allow domestic violence survivors to maintain communication with their loved ones. Providing phone services to domestic violence survivors, gives them increased access to the help they need.”The cell phones, obtained through the drug forfeiture process, are recycled for parts. Those proceeds will go directly to Portal To Hope and will be used for investing in phone-related costs including calling cards for domestic violence survivors, emergency cell phones and costs associated with the Portal To Hope hotline.District Attorney Ryan is addressing issues surrounding domestic violence through a comprehensive approach using education, training and outreach in addition to prosecution to promote prevention and provide resources for victims.District Attorney Ryan created her Office’s Domestic Violence Pro Bono Initiative, a first-of-its kind partnership, designed to address the significant gap in the way domestic violence victims are served during the restraining order process. The office has partnered with 13 Boston-area civil law firms to identify victims who need legal assistance and then assign a private attorney to provide representation free of charge. Assistant District Attorneys are unable to represent domestic violence victims during the restraining order process because the order is a civil document.District Attorney Ryan also works to raise public awareness about domestic violence and inform the community about resources that are available through programs like Cut It Out, a nation-wide domestic violence prevention program geared towards salon professionals.About Portal To HopePortal To Hope is an award-winning, nonprofit organization that provides comprehensive services to people whose lives have been impacted by domestic violence, sexual assault and stalking crimes. Portal To Hope works on a grassroots level to educate the public about the consequences of domestic violence and the crime’s impact on not only individual and family lives but also its impact on the workplace, in school environments and  communities-at-large.(NOTE: The above press release is from the Middlesex DA’s Office.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email wilmingtonapple@gmail.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedMiddlesex DA Donates Proceeds From 160 Forfeited Cell Phones To REACH Beyond Domestic ViolenceIn “Government”Middlesex DA Donates 250 Forfeited Cell Phones to Aid Domestic Violence SurvivorsIn “Government”Middlesex DA Donates 100+ Forfeited Cell Phones To ‘Voices Against Violence’In “Government”last_img read more

  • OBITUARY Linda A Botelho Blanco 64

    first_imgWILMINGTON, MA — Linda A. (Botelho) Blanco, age 64, of Hampton, New Hampshire, formerly of Wilmington and Somerville, passed away unexpectedly on July 7, 2019.Linda was the beloved wife of David Blanco, devoted mother to her children Pamela Blanco of Hampton, NH and David Blanco Jr. & his wife Lisa of Gloucester, MA. Cherished daughter of the late Mariano and Luise Botelho, daughter-in-law of Edna and the late Sal Blanco of Arlington. Linda is also survived by a large extended family of sisters and brothers-in-law, nieces, nephews and many many close friends.Linda will be fondly remembered for her energetic and honest personality; she was a “straight shooter” who told it like it was and was loved by many.Family and friends will gather for a Celebration of Life on Sunday, July 28th from 2:00-6:00 p.m. at the Indian Ridge Country Club,73 Lovejoy Road, Andover, MA.In lieu of flowers, donations in Linda’s memory may be made to the National MS Society, Greater New England Chapter, 101 1st Ave. Suite 6, Waltham, MA 02451.Linda A. (Botelho) Blanco(NOTE: The above obituary is from Nichols Funeral Home.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email wilmingtonapple@gmail.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedOBITUARY: Linda J. Gallagher, 71In “Obituaries”OBITUARY: Pauline F. (Lascelles) Capps, 86In “Obituaries”OBITUARY: Lucille C. (Enos) Gilson, 77In “Obituaries”last_img read more

  • Hezbollah allies to set for gains in Lebanon parliament

    first_imgLebanon`s Hezbollah deputy leader Sheikh Naim Qassem casts his vote as he stands next to Hezbollah parliament candidate Amin Sherri at a polling station during the parliamentary election, in Beirut, Lebanon on 6 May. Photo: ReutersThe Iran-backed Shi’ite group Hezbollah and its political allies looked set to win more than half the seats in Lebanon’s first parliamentary election in nine years, according to preliminary results cited by politicians and Lebanese media.The result, if confirmed by the final count, would boost Hezbollah politically, with parties and individuals aligned with the heavily armed group securing a simple majority in parliament in Sunday’s election.Hezbollah is classified as a terrorist group by the United States and an enemy of neighbouring Israel which has fought numerous wars with the group since it was founded in 1982.The unofficial results also indicated that Western-backed prime minister Saad al-Hariri would emerge as the Sunni leader with the biggest bloc in the 128-seat parliament, making him the frontrunner to form the next government, though he lost seats.Lebanon’s prime minister must be a Sunni according to the country’s sectarian power-sharing system.The election was held under a complex new law that redrew constituency boundaries and changed the electoral system from winner-takes-all to a proportional one. The interior minister said official results would be declared on Monday morning.The staunchly anti-Hezbollah Lebanese Forces, a Christian party, appear to have emerged as a big winner, nearly doubling its MPs to 15 from eight, according to the unofficial indications.Hezbollah and groups and individuals affiliated to it secured at least 67 seats, according to a Reuters calculation based on preliminary results for nearly all the seats that were obtained from politicians and campaigns and reported in Lebanese media.Hezbollah’s allies include the Shi’ite Amal Movement led by Nabih Berri, the Christian Free Patriotic Movement established by president Michel Aoun and other groups and individuals that view its weapons as an asset to Lebanon.Hezbollah-backed Sunnis did well in the cities of Beirut, Tripoli and Sidon, strongholds of Hariri’s Future Movement, the unofficial results showed.But Hezbollah lost ground in one of its strongholds, the Baalbek-Hermel constituency, where it lost two of 10 seats, one of them to Lebanese Forces.Hezbollah-backed winners include Jamil al-Sayyed, a retired general and former Lebanese intelligence chief who is a close friend of Syrian president Bashar al-Assad, according to the unofficial results.last_img

  • Walls of Books Hosts Reading of Deepan Chatterjees Collection

    first_imgHosted by Walls of Books, licensed psychologist Deepan Chatterjee will be reading the collection of poetry and short stories from his book, “The First Prophetical”. Chatterjee’s book consists of pieces that, “all have a common psychological theme to them that the writer has drawn from his life, patients, family and friends.  The event is scheduled to run from 3 p.m. to 5 p.m., on Nov. 19, and will take place at 3325 Georgia Ave NW. The event is free to the public. For more information, please visit www.eventbrite.comlast_img

  • Once Upon a Times Finale Was Everything We Loved About an Imperfect

    first_imgStay on target Henry Screws Everything Up Again on Once Upon a TimeOnce Upon a Time Brings Back the Magic… and Time Travel The seventh season of Once Upon a Time was a weird outlier. Meant to be the beginning of a whole new set of seasons, it turned into an uneven epilogue. Season Seven was very much Once Upon a Time’s version of Harry Potter and the Cursed Child. Only you were actually able to watch this one. We got a whole season centering on Henry as an adult, with the characters we followed for six years making only brief appearances. (Except for Regina and Rumplestiltskin, of course.) Despite a rush to finish the story at the end, the seventh season produced a satisfying finale for the show. It wasn’t perfect, but Once Upon a Time has never been. Like any finale should, it reminded us of every brilliant, stupid, frustrating, wonderful moment of the last seven years.After an entire season spent away from Storybrooke, it’s nice that the episode starts us out right back in Maine. It’s a joyful enough reunion that you almost want to start whistling along with the dwarves as they pick up their sandwiches from Granny’s. Sadly, they don’t get to enjoy those sandwiches, as Alice and Robin come barreling through in the beignet truck. They run out and frantically explain the entire situation, which sounds a little suspect even to people who’ve lived through six curses by this point. Maybe they’d have gotten a friendlier response if they hadn’t destroyed Grumpy’s lunch. The dwarves and Granny chase them away, thinking they’re villains. I mean, you can’t really blame them at this point. Fortunately, Alice and Robin run into Zelena with Baby Robin. She’s much easier to convince, considering how well Robin knows her. Also, Regina and Emma are out of town, taking Henry on a graduation trip. How convenient.Lee Arenberg, Beverley Elliott, Keegan Connor Tracy (Photo via ABC)Back in the Wish Realm, things are not going well. Henry, Cinderella, Lucy, Hook, and Rumplestiltskin are trapped inside the snowglobe, and Rumple no longer has his magic. Hook is determined to get them out, but it’ll take some doing. Outside of the globe, Henry is torturing Regina in the hall where she first vowed to cast the Storybrooke curse. Young Henry grew pretty insufferable as he aged, but it really works for him here. Jared Gilmore plays the whiny, entitled sad boy frighteningly well. At The Dark One’s request, he takes some blood from her hand, and locks her up. We get a very sweet cameo from Robin Hood that’s not really important to the story, but I’m glad it happened. I really wanted him to be Regina’s happy ending the last couple seasons, and was actually sad that it never happened. Outlaw Queen forever! (Well, it’s second only to Swan Queen, but that ship sailed long ago.)Soon, we learn exactly what evil Henry and the Dark One are planning. Collecting the Queen’s blood was only a means to bring out Henry’s darkness. The Dark One produces a storybook and a captured Blue Fairy. He tells Henry to remember what it was like to cause Regina pain. A portal to a scary-looking prison opens up and sucks the Blue Fairy in. That’s what The Dark One’s book was. And he has one for every hero in every realm. All he needs to begin filling them is for Henry to kill Regina. Alright, those are some appropriately high stakes for a series finale.Lana Parrilla (Photo via ABC)Meanwhile, Robin, Alice, and Zelena find their way to the wish realm, and somehow get a magic fishhook inside the snowglobe. How is never really explained, but it doesn’t matter. An episode where our heroes spend the whole time locked in a glass prison would be an awfully boring finale. Now, they can mount a rescue to save Regina… which happens pretty quickly. These last two episodes definitely feel a little rushed. Everything happens just a little too fast, like they had to cram half a season’s worth of story into two broadcast hours. At least the scene where Robin asks Hook for his blessing to marry Alice is still sweet. It got an “aww” out of me despite being a little rushed.Speaking of rushed, the cameo from Josh Dallas and Ginnifer Goodwin was so short it was almost a little disappointing. Henry tries to release Regina from her cell when he’s attacked by some of Evil Henry’s guards. Just as one is about to stab him, he’s saved by a mysterious Archer. It’s his grandparents, Snow White and Prince Charming! It’s so cool to see them again, and the actors fall back into their roles so easily, it really does feel like they’re coming home. They’re only here to make an inspiring speech though. I was hoping for more badass rogue Snow White, but that arrow from off-screen was all we got. They gather all the characters, and bring them up to speed on The Dark One’s plan. The creepy storybooks where each character is alone, never finding their happy endings, is a cool idea. I kind of wish we could have spent more time on that. Instead, Charming and Snow make a speech about hope and how they’ll never lose each other, and run off to warn all the other realms’ heroes of The Dark One’s plan.Rose Reynolds, Tiera Skovbye (Photo via ABC)They way they defeat the plan is perfectly Once Upon a Time too. As truncated as it feels, they really do cram everything great about this show into a single episode here. Rumple can find a small amount of magic hidden away. It gives him just enough power to take out the Dark One’s heart if he gets close. Before he can, though, The Dark One appears and spreads all the heroes’ prison books in front of them. While this is happening, Evil Henry prepares to kill Regina with a sword, not listening to her pleas for reason. As he gets closer to killing her, the portals open up. It’s a tense, harrowing sequence, and there’s no guarantee it’s all going to shake out OK. As Alice slips towards her prison, Hook grabs her hand, destroying his own cursed heart in the process. Just at that moment, Regina finally breaks through to Evil Henry. She says she knows he isn’t bad, just lonely. And she’s been there. As he throws down his sword and hugs his adopted (in another realm) mother, the portals close.And here, Rumplestiltskin finally redeems himself without even trying to. Once the portals close, he realizes The Dark One version of him is still a coward. It’s still the man who hobbled himself to avoid fighting in the war. Rumplestiltskin is no longer that man. Knowing that, without the guardian, he may never see Belle again, he sacrifices his own life. He rips out his heart and gives it to Hook. As he dies, The Dark One is defeated for good. This series-long story comes to a close as Rumplestiltskin dies. He’s even reunited with Belle in the afterlife. Because happy endings is what Once Upon a Time does best.Ginnifer Goodwin, Josh Dallas (Photo via ABC)The way the show ends is full of fan-service. It’s so on the nose and cheesy, but it’s also so earnest I can’t help but love it. It’s the kind of ending we expect from this show. It was everything I didn’t know I wanted from the series finale. With The Dark One gone forever, Regina has to get everyone home. And she has the perfect plan to do it. With one final curse, a good one this time, she combines all the realms into one. Storybrooke, the Enchanted Forest, Agrabah, all of them are combined into one magical place. All the characters live together, and they’re so happy they all vote to make Regina Queen.In the episode’s final moments, all the characters from the show’s entire run are in one place. Except for Emma. The show really makes you think they couldn’t get Jennifer Morrison to come back. Then, she and her Hook burst into the room. I was so happy to see them, I may have let out a small cheer while sitting alone on my couch. Yeah, Friday nights at my place are pretty lit, let me tell you. Emma’s appearance, and her interactions with adult Henry, were exactly what I was waiting for all episode, and boy did it deliver in the end. As a series, Once Upon a Time had its fair share of problems. It was cheesy, it was stupid at times. It was often garbage. But it was my kind of garbage.And this episode gave us everything we could hope for from a series finale. As Regina made her first speech as queen, about all the adventures they’d shared and all that was still to come, we saw a montage of all the best moments from every season. It reminded us how much of a fun ride Once Upon a Time has been. I’ve truly enjoyed the last seven years I’ve spent watching this series. And damn it. I want to watch the whole stupid thing all over again now.center_img Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey.last_img read more

  • Wonder Boy is the Most Bizarre Video Game Movie Ever Made

    first_img You may think you’ve seen the worst video game movies ever made. But until you watch Wonder Boy, you haven’t seen anything.First, a little backstory. The Wonder Boy games were produced by a Japanese studio called Escape. The first one was localized here as NES platformer Adventure Island, but later games were primarily on Sega systems. They went from simple run-and-jumpers to complex and colorful side-scrolling RPGs with huge worlds. You can read more about the series at Hardcore Gaming 101.The games are loved by a niche audience but certainly don’t have wide recognition – the last new entry in the series came out in 1994. But one man really loved Wonder Boy enough to want to make a movie out of it. And that man’s name… is Robin Morningstar.Mr. Morningstar is notable for another video game movie, the ill-fated cinematic adaptation of dark 90s platformer Chakan The Forever Man. You probably haven’t heard of it, and it’s bad – but not anywhere near as bad as Wonder Boy.When you think “bad video game movies,” the name Uwe Boll is bound to come up at some point, so it shouldn’t be a surprise that he was involved with this one as well. Boll and Morningstar partnered up to try and buy the rights for the franchise from Sega, and eventually Uwe got frustrated and walked off.One would think that would be the end of the story, but no. Apparently, Robin Morningstar actually went ahead anyways without securing the rights and produced an unauthorized, all-CGI Wonder Boy movie in 2010 which has just surfaced on YouTube.The well-named Cool Great Website has the whole rundown, which is well worth your time. Or you could just watch the YouTube upload of Wonder Boy (2010) for yourself and let your brain ooze out of your ears.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Sealed Copy of NES Cult Classic ‘Kid Icarus’ Earns $9K at AuctionMike Tyson Is Still Pissed Over Nintendo’s ‘Punch-Out!!’ Stay on targetlast_img read more

  • Does the quantum wave function represent reality

    first_img Copyright 2012 Phys.Org All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. Colbeck and Renner argue that, unlike a weather forecast, the wave function of a quantum system fully describes reality itself, not simply a physicist’s lack of knowledge of reality. In their paper, they logically show that a quantum system’s wave function is in one-to-one correspondence with its “elements of reality,” i.e., the variables describing the system’s behavior. The claim’s only assumptions are that measurement settings can be freely chosen and that quantum theory gives the correct statistical predictions, both of which are usually implicit in physics research, as well as experimentally falsifiable.“This [idea that the wave function represents reality] means that the wave function includes all information that is in principle available about the system, i.e., nothing is missing,” Renner told Phys.org. “Nevertheless, even if we knew the wave function of a system (and therefore reality), its future behavior cannot be predicted with certainty. This means that there is inherent randomness in nature.”The scientists’ claim relies on two seemingly opposite statements: First, any information contained in the system’s complete list of elements of reality (the list is complete if it contains all possible predictions about the outcome of an experiment performed on the system) is already contained in the system’s wave function. That is, the wave function includes all the elements of reality. The physicists formulated this statement in a paper last year. The second statement, which the physicists present here, is that a system’s list of elements of reality includes its wave function. Taken together, the two statements imply that a system’s wave function is in one-to-one correlation with its elements of reality. By showing that the wave function fully describes reality, the argument also implies that quantum mechanics is a complete theory.“Take again the analogy to a meteorologist’s work,” Renner said. “In this analogy, the data and models used by the meteorologist take the place of the wave function, and reality corresponds to the current weather. If there was a one-to-one correspondence between the meteorologist’s data and the weather, we would be in a very favorable situation: the forecast would then be as accurate as it can possibly be, in the sense that there does not exist any information that has not been accounted for.“Similarly, our result that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the wave function and the elements of reality means that, if we know a system’s wave function then we are exactly in such a favorable situation: any information that there exists in nature and which could be relevant for predicting the behavior of a quantum mechanical system is represented one-to-one by the wave function. In this sense, the wave function is an optimal description of reality.”This argument is not the only one made recently in favor of the wave function’s complete representation of reality. In November 2011, a team of physicists from the UK (Matthew F. Pusey, Jonathan Barrett, and Terry Rudolph) argued that the subjective interpretation of the wave function contradicts plausible assumptions in quantum mechanics, such as that multiple systems can be prepared in a way so that their elements of reality are uncorrelated. While this approach is completely different from that of the current paper, the support from both papers may help point to an answer to one of the most long-standing debates in physics. In the future, Colbeck and Renner plan to work on making the assumptions less stringent than they already are.“Our result is based on the assumption that an experimenter can, in principle, ‘freely’ choose which measurements he would like to carry out,” Renner said. “Hence, if one is ready to accept this assumption, our answer can be considered final. However, it is certainly legitimate to question this ‘free choice’ assumption (as well as the way ‘free choice’ is defined). We are currently working on a proof that the assumption can be replaced by a weaker one (which one might term ‘partial freedom of choice’).” As Colbeck and Renner explain in their paper published in Physical Review Letters, there are two prominent interpretations of the wave function dating back to its origins in the 1920s. In one view, the wave function corresponds to an element of reality that objectively exists whether or not an observer is measuring it. In an alternative view, the wave function does not represent reality but instead represents an observer’s subjective state of knowledge about some underlying reality. In 1927, Niels Bohr and others advocated this alternative view in the Copenhagen interpretation, in which the wave function is merely a mathematical probability that immediately assumes only one value when an observer measures the system, resulting in the wave function collapsing. Still others disagree with both views: in the ’30s, Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen argued that the wave function does not provide a complete physical description of reality and suggested that the entire theory of quantum mechanics is incomplete.In their paper, Colbeck and Renner illustrate the difference between the two main views of the wave function’s probabilistic nature with a simple example:“Consider a meteorologist who gives a prediction about tomorrow’s weather (for example, that it will be sunny with probability 33% and cloudy with probability 67%),” they write. “We may assume that classical mechanics accurately describes the relevant processes, so that the weather depends deterministically on the initial conditions. The fact that the prediction is probabilistic then solely reflects a lack of knowledge on the part of the meteorologist on these conditions. In particular, the forecast is not an element of reality associated with the atmosphere but rather reflects the subjective knowledge of the forecaster; a second meteorologist with different knowledge may issue an alternative forecast. Moving to quantum mechanics, one may ask whether the wave function that we assign to a quantum system should be seen as a subjective object (analogous to the weather forecast) representing the knowledge an experimenter has about the system or whether the wave function is an element of reality of the system (analogous to the weather being sunny).” More information: Roger Colbeck and Renato Renner. “Is a System’s Wave Function in One-to-One Correspondence with Its Elements of Reality?” PRL 108, 150402 (2012). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.150402 Researchers conduct experimental implementation of quantum algorithm Explore furthercenter_img Two meteorologists predicting the chance of sunshine in a weather forecast. The meteorologist on the left has access to additional data (today’s weather, which is partly cloudy), and consequently the two make different forecasts. Unlike a weather forecast, the quantum mechanical wave function gives a complete description of a quantum system’s future behavior, and nature itself is inherently probabilistic at small scales. Image credit: Colbeck and Renner. ©2012 APS (Phys.org) — At the heart of quantum mechanics lies the wave function, a probability function used by physicists to understand the nanoscale world. Using the wave function, physicists can calculate a system’s future behavior, but only with a certain probability. This inherently probabilistic nature of quantum theory differs from the certainty with which scientists can describe the classical world, leading to a nearly century-long debate on how to interpret the wave function: does it representative objective reality or merely the subjective knowledge of an observer? In a new paper, physicists Roger Colbeck of the Perimeter Institute in Waterloo, Ontario, and Renato Renner who is based at ETH Zurich, Switzerland, have presented an argument strongly in favor of the objective reality of the wave function, which could lead to a better understanding of the fundamental meaning of quantum mechanics. Citation: Does the quantum wave function represent reality? (2012, April 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2012-04-quantum-function-reality.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more