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  • Box of Pokémon Cards From 1999 Could Fetch 56000 in Auction

    first_imgStay on target Mint-Condition Set of Pokemon Cards Sold For $107KNew Trailer ‘Pokemon Sword and Shield’ Reveals Team Yell Punks “Gotta catch ’em all?” Then this unopened box of Pokémon cards from 1999 might just be the biggest catch of all.Auction house Huggins and Scott Auctions put this unopened 1999 Pokémon first-edition, limited printing English Base Set Booster Box up for auction with a starting bid of $35,000.In August last year, Huggins and Scott sold another unopened box of 1999 First Edition Pokémon cards for the staggering price of $56,000.AdChoices广告The Pokémon booster box will come in a pressurized Pelican protector case. (Photo Credit: Huggins and Scott)This new box up for auction has been described by Huggins and Scott as “tightly sealed and virtually untouched.”The description for the auctions says: “A box break will yield (36) 11-card packs. Additionally, each pack will deliver: (5) common, (3) uncommon, (2) Energy and (1) Rare or Foil card. Based on production, the odds of pulling a foil card are nearly 1:3 packs. With 396 chances for Gem Mint 10 holos and other high-grade treasures, ‘the sky’s the limit’ for this cornerstone!”And because serious collectors will want this baby fully protected, the box will come in a custom-fitted and pressurized Pelican Model 1400 Protector case.Got at least $35,000 to spare? Bidding ends on Feb. 13 on on Copy of ‘Superman #1’ Could Fetch More Than $300,000 in AuctionRare Penny Found in Boy’s Lunch Money Could Fetch $1.7 Million in AuctionRanking Pokémon Every Movielast_img read more

  • Once Upon a Times Finale Was Everything We Loved About an Imperfect

    first_imgStay on target Henry Screws Everything Up Again on Once Upon a TimeOnce Upon a Time Brings Back the Magic… and Time Travel The seventh season of Once Upon a Time was a weird outlier. Meant to be the beginning of a whole new set of seasons, it turned into an uneven epilogue. Season Seven was very much Once Upon a Time’s version of Harry Potter and the Cursed Child. Only you were actually able to watch this one. We got a whole season centering on Henry as an adult, with the characters we followed for six years making only brief appearances. (Except for Regina and Rumplestiltskin, of course.) Despite a rush to finish the story at the end, the seventh season produced a satisfying finale for the show. It wasn’t perfect, but Once Upon a Time has never been. Like any finale should, it reminded us of every brilliant, stupid, frustrating, wonderful moment of the last seven years.After an entire season spent away from Storybrooke, it’s nice that the episode starts us out right back in Maine. It’s a joyful enough reunion that you almost want to start whistling along with the dwarves as they pick up their sandwiches from Granny’s. Sadly, they don’t get to enjoy those sandwiches, as Alice and Robin come barreling through in the beignet truck. They run out and frantically explain the entire situation, which sounds a little suspect even to people who’ve lived through six curses by this point. Maybe they’d have gotten a friendlier response if they hadn’t destroyed Grumpy’s lunch. The dwarves and Granny chase them away, thinking they’re villains. I mean, you can’t really blame them at this point. Fortunately, Alice and Robin run into Zelena with Baby Robin. She’s much easier to convince, considering how well Robin knows her. Also, Regina and Emma are out of town, taking Henry on a graduation trip. How convenient.Lee Arenberg, Beverley Elliott, Keegan Connor Tracy (Photo via ABC)Back in the Wish Realm, things are not going well. Henry, Cinderella, Lucy, Hook, and Rumplestiltskin are trapped inside the snowglobe, and Rumple no longer has his magic. Hook is determined to get them out, but it’ll take some doing. Outside of the globe, Henry is torturing Regina in the hall where she first vowed to cast the Storybrooke curse. Young Henry grew pretty insufferable as he aged, but it really works for him here. Jared Gilmore plays the whiny, entitled sad boy frighteningly well. At The Dark One’s request, he takes some blood from her hand, and locks her up. We get a very sweet cameo from Robin Hood that’s not really important to the story, but I’m glad it happened. I really wanted him to be Regina’s happy ending the last couple seasons, and was actually sad that it never happened. Outlaw Queen forever! (Well, it’s second only to Swan Queen, but that ship sailed long ago.)Soon, we learn exactly what evil Henry and the Dark One are planning. Collecting the Queen’s blood was only a means to bring out Henry’s darkness. The Dark One produces a storybook and a captured Blue Fairy. He tells Henry to remember what it was like to cause Regina pain. A portal to a scary-looking prison opens up and sucks the Blue Fairy in. That’s what The Dark One’s book was. And he has one for every hero in every realm. All he needs to begin filling them is for Henry to kill Regina. Alright, those are some appropriately high stakes for a series finale.Lana Parrilla (Photo via ABC)Meanwhile, Robin, Alice, and Zelena find their way to the wish realm, and somehow get a magic fishhook inside the snowglobe. How is never really explained, but it doesn’t matter. An episode where our heroes spend the whole time locked in a glass prison would be an awfully boring finale. Now, they can mount a rescue to save Regina… which happens pretty quickly. These last two episodes definitely feel a little rushed. Everything happens just a little too fast, like they had to cram half a season’s worth of story into two broadcast hours. At least the scene where Robin asks Hook for his blessing to marry Alice is still sweet. It got an “aww” out of me despite being a little rushed.Speaking of rushed, the cameo from Josh Dallas and Ginnifer Goodwin was so short it was almost a little disappointing. Henry tries to release Regina from her cell when he’s attacked by some of Evil Henry’s guards. Just as one is about to stab him, he’s saved by a mysterious Archer. It’s his grandparents, Snow White and Prince Charming! It’s so cool to see them again, and the actors fall back into their roles so easily, it really does feel like they’re coming home. They’re only here to make an inspiring speech though. I was hoping for more badass rogue Snow White, but that arrow from off-screen was all we got. They gather all the characters, and bring them up to speed on The Dark One’s plan. The creepy storybooks where each character is alone, never finding their happy endings, is a cool idea. I kind of wish we could have spent more time on that. Instead, Charming and Snow make a speech about hope and how they’ll never lose each other, and run off to warn all the other realms’ heroes of The Dark One’s plan.Rose Reynolds, Tiera Skovbye (Photo via ABC)They way they defeat the plan is perfectly Once Upon a Time too. As truncated as it feels, they really do cram everything great about this show into a single episode here. Rumple can find a small amount of magic hidden away. It gives him just enough power to take out the Dark One’s heart if he gets close. Before he can, though, The Dark One appears and spreads all the heroes’ prison books in front of them. While this is happening, Evil Henry prepares to kill Regina with a sword, not listening to her pleas for reason. As he gets closer to killing her, the portals open up. It’s a tense, harrowing sequence, and there’s no guarantee it’s all going to shake out OK. As Alice slips towards her prison, Hook grabs her hand, destroying his own cursed heart in the process. Just at that moment, Regina finally breaks through to Evil Henry. She says she knows he isn’t bad, just lonely. And she’s been there. As he throws down his sword and hugs his adopted (in another realm) mother, the portals close.And here, Rumplestiltskin finally redeems himself without even trying to. Once the portals close, he realizes The Dark One version of him is still a coward. It’s still the man who hobbled himself to avoid fighting in the war. Rumplestiltskin is no longer that man. Knowing that, without the guardian, he may never see Belle again, he sacrifices his own life. He rips out his heart and gives it to Hook. As he dies, The Dark One is defeated for good. This series-long story comes to a close as Rumplestiltskin dies. He’s even reunited with Belle in the afterlife. Because happy endings is what Once Upon a Time does best.Ginnifer Goodwin, Josh Dallas (Photo via ABC)The way the show ends is full of fan-service. It’s so on the nose and cheesy, but it’s also so earnest I can’t help but love it. It’s the kind of ending we expect from this show. It was everything I didn’t know I wanted from the series finale. With The Dark One gone forever, Regina has to get everyone home. And she has the perfect plan to do it. With one final curse, a good one this time, she combines all the realms into one. Storybrooke, the Enchanted Forest, Agrabah, all of them are combined into one magical place. All the characters live together, and they’re so happy they all vote to make Regina Queen.In the episode’s final moments, all the characters from the show’s entire run are in one place. Except for Emma. The show really makes you think they couldn’t get Jennifer Morrison to come back. Then, she and her Hook burst into the room. I was so happy to see them, I may have let out a small cheer while sitting alone on my couch. Yeah, Friday nights at my place are pretty lit, let me tell you. Emma’s appearance, and her interactions with adult Henry, were exactly what I was waiting for all episode, and boy did it deliver in the end. As a series, Once Upon a Time had its fair share of problems. It was cheesy, it was stupid at times. It was often garbage. But it was my kind of garbage.And this episode gave us everything we could hope for from a series finale. As Regina made her first speech as queen, about all the adventures they’d shared and all that was still to come, we saw a montage of all the best moments from every season. It reminded us how much of a fun ride Once Upon a Time has been. I’ve truly enjoyed the last seven years I’ve spent watching this series. And damn it. I want to watch the whole stupid thing all over again now.center_img Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey.last_img read more

  • Wonder Boy is the Most Bizarre Video Game Movie Ever Made

    first_img You may think you’ve seen the worst video game movies ever made. But until you watch Wonder Boy, you haven’t seen anything.First, a little backstory. The Wonder Boy games were produced by a Japanese studio called Escape. The first one was localized here as NES platformer Adventure Island, but later games were primarily on Sega systems. They went from simple run-and-jumpers to complex and colorful side-scrolling RPGs with huge worlds. You can read more about the series at Hardcore Gaming 101.The games are loved by a niche audience but certainly don’t have wide recognition – the last new entry in the series came out in 1994. But one man really loved Wonder Boy enough to want to make a movie out of it. And that man’s name… is Robin Morningstar.Mr. Morningstar is notable for another video game movie, the ill-fated cinematic adaptation of dark 90s platformer Chakan The Forever Man. You probably haven’t heard of it, and it’s bad – but not anywhere near as bad as Wonder Boy.When you think “bad video game movies,” the name Uwe Boll is bound to come up at some point, so it shouldn’t be a surprise that he was involved with this one as well. Boll and Morningstar partnered up to try and buy the rights for the franchise from Sega, and eventually Uwe got frustrated and walked off.One would think that would be the end of the story, but no. Apparently, Robin Morningstar actually went ahead anyways without securing the rights and produced an unauthorized, all-CGI Wonder Boy movie in 2010 which has just surfaced on YouTube.The well-named Cool Great Website has the whole rundown, which is well worth your time. Or you could just watch the YouTube upload of Wonder Boy (2010) for yourself and let your brain ooze out of your ears.Let us know what you like about Geek by taking our survey. Sealed Copy of NES Cult Classic ‘Kid Icarus’ Earns $9K at AuctionMike Tyson Is Still Pissed Over Nintendo’s ‘Punch-Out!!’ Stay on targetlast_img read more

  • Marvels New Avengers Endgame Trailer Reunites Remaining Superheroes

    first_img After a brief Super Bowl teaser, Marvel just released a new Avengers: Endgame trailer and it reveals the remaining superheroes who are going to fight for their fallen allies.On Thursday, Marvel posted the new Avengers: Endgame trailer on YouTube, and it dives into some details we’ve been waiting for. Tony Stark (Iron Man) finally makes an appearance. Plus, Black Widow, Thor, Captain America, and Bruce Banner vow to bring their friends back for the ultimate showdown against Thanos, the sinister villain who destroyed the universe. The movie, which stars Robert Downey Jr., Chris Evans, Chris Hemsworth, and Scarlett Johansson, will premiere in theaters on April 26.“God, seems like a 1,000 years ago. I fought my way out of that cave, became Iron Man. Realized I love you,” I know I said no more surprises, but I was hoping to pull off one last one,” Iron Man said at the opening of the trailer. (All the chills here.) We don’t know where Iron Man is, but hopefully, he’ll get help soon.Apparently, the world has changed, making it difficult for the remaining Avengers to get back on their feet, but maybe, just maybe, they can start over. To everyone that didn’t make it, who disintegrated after the major last battle with Thanos, the last Avengers owe it to them to have one last showdown. Oh, and Captain Marvel is also apparently helping the team out. (Score.)Will they rally together to fight Thanos, and get back the “missing” superheroes? You’ll have to watch Avengers: Endgame next month to find out.More on’s First ‘Avengers: Endgame’ Trailer Is Finally HereMarvel Drops ‘Avengers: Endgame’ Teaser During Super BowlNew ‘Avengers: Endgame’ Theory Highlights a Hidden Time Loop Stay on target ‘Avengers: Endgame’ Director Explains Thanos’ Faceoff With Captain America‘Marvels’ Expands Marvel’s Podcast Universe last_img read more

  • Starbucks experiments with coffee jelly

    first_imgCoffee shops can now be found on every street corner of most developed nations around the world, and the popularity of this delicious beverage in its many forms breeds competition. So how do you respond to very healthy competition? If your Starbucks, you try some wacky experiments with your coffee. And where better to experiment than Starbucks Japan?During the hot summer months Starbucks’ Frappuccino drinks get very popular, and of course they have been copied. So as a way of innovating, Starbucks Japan has introduced a new, limited edition four-layered Frappuccino. The twist? It contains coffee in jelly form.As you can see in the photo of the drink below, the top layer is fresh whipped cream, below that is frozen coffee as you typically get in a Frap, then there’s very sweet custard vanilla sauce, and finally the bottom layer is coffee jelly pieces made using Starbucks’ espresso blend.The drink comes with an extra wide straw to make sucking up the jelly pieces easier. Although classed as a drink, it resembles more of a pudding and I can see people switching to a spoon to eat it. The bitter coffee, sweet vanilla sauce, and cold frozen coffee layer sound like they’ll work very well together.For now, this looks to be a Japan-exclusive drink being offered between July 2 and August 31. I’ve never seen a Starbucks jelly coffee in the UK, and I don’t remember hearing about one launching in the US. However, if it proves extremely popular in Japan I’m sure Starbucks will consider bringing it over. It’s unique (for now) after all.last_img read more

  • Pro gamer makes Dark Souls III extra hard then completes it without

    first_imgDark Souls III is already a difficult experience if you play it normally. The game doesn’t need anything else to make it harder, but some gamers have imposed restrictions on themselves to do just that. Back in February, one gamer managed to beat the entire game without being hit. That is impressive enough, but now someone has come forth to not only match that feat, but actually top it.A Twitch streamer by the handle of FaraazKhan stepped up to the challenge and added more stipulations to make things tougher on himself. On top of not being hit, he made sure not to use any shields, bows, magic, or glitches. He also didn’t quit the game before getting hit.While he didn’t beat the game in record time, he still finished it in 2 hours and 19 minutes. This last part was possible because he purposely avoided doing a lot of the game’s side missions and fighting the optional bosses.FaraazKhan is a gamer of the highest caliber. It would be easy to think that you are less of a gamer when comparing yourself to him, but know that this man is the elite of the elite. While one may not be able to match his accomplishment, the video above can serve to give those of us who aren’t as skilled some tips on how to avoid taking damage in the game or just how to finish it faster. If not, we can just enjoy the video for what it is because it really is impressive to watch.last_img read more

  • Sharps New Semiconductor Laser for Triple and Quadruple Layer Bluray Discs

    first_img Sharp announced its new development in Japan earlier this month, at the Japan Society of Applied Physics’ 70th Autumn meeting.The semiconductor laser is blue-violet, producing an optical output up to 500 mW and 405 nm wavelength of oscillation under pulsed operation. The new laser has been proven reliable over 1,000 hours of testing.The device is designed to be used in Blu-ray Disc recorders, and can write at 8 x speed on both triple- and quadruple- layer discs. This would mean recordable discs (with 25 GB per layer at present) to be 75 or 100 GB. The development follows the mass production of a 320 mW blue-violet semiconductor laser starting in June this year. The 320 mW device can write at 8 x speed on single- and dual- layer discs.The optical output of the laser was improved by changing the way the edge of the semiconductor laser crystal is processed. Previous devices have covered the semiconductor laser crystal with a non-crystalline film, but this method allowed heat to degrade the crystal and eventually stop oscillation. The new process uses an AION (aluminum oxynitride) crystalline coating between the dielectric film and the semiconductor crystal’s edge face. This allows the laser output to be increased.Sharp announced it is ready to produce the new semiconductor laser, but is holding off until triple and quadruple layer disc specifications are settled.© 2009 A cross-sectional image of the semiconductor laser with an aluminum oxynitride film. Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Sharp to Begin Volume Production of High-Power 210-mW Blue-Violet Laser Diodes Citation: Sharp’s New Semiconductor Laser for Triple- and Quadruple- Layer Blu-ray Discs (2009, September 18) retrieved 18 August 2019 from ( — Sharp Corporation has announced the development of a new 500 mW semiconductor laser for triple- and quadruple- layer Blu-ray discs.last_img read more

  • Supermarket robot to help the elderly w Video

    first_img © 2009 ( — Robovie-II, a retail-assistant robot designed to help elderly and disabled people shop in supermarkets, is being tested in Kyoto, in Japan. New robot skier takes to the slopes (w/ Video) One of the approximately 20 elderly shoppers taking part in the experiments said it was fun shopping with the robot, and it reminded her of shopping with her grandchild. She said she didn’t get tired because the robot carried the shopping basketJapan has an aging population and a love of consumer culture and technology, and the retail assistant robot is expected to be well-received. ATR sells a range of robots, and according to the Director of ATR Intelligent Robotics and Communication Laboratories, Norihiro Hagita, the company is aiming to develop robots that can serve people with special needs, such as the elderly.The system is being tested until March 2010 at the Apita-Seikadai supermarket in Kyoto. The child-sized robot was developed from an earlier version of the Robovie-II humanoid robot designed by Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute International (ATR), which is based in Kansai Science City, or “Keihanna Science City”. Along with other digital technologies and sensors, the company hopes the robot will make shopping easier and more entertaining for elderly people, helping them remember what is on their list, guiding them to the items, and carrying the groceries for them. Citation: Supermarket robot to help the elderly (w/ Video) (2009, December 17) retrieved 18 August 2019 from Explore further More information: In Japanese: … 20091214_335825.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Before leaving home, a shopper enters his or her shopping list into a mobile device that displays an avatar of the robot. When the shopper arrives at the supermarket, sensors detect the mobile device and the shopping list data is transmitted wirelessly to a waiting retail-assistant robot. The robot then greets the shopper by name and says “Let’s go shopping,” and then follows them through the store, helping them find the items on the list, and carrying the goods in a shopping basket.As they travel through the supermarket the robot reminds the shopper of items on the list, and makes recommendations and suggestions of other items that would go well with items on the list (such as lettuce with other salad items), and makes comments on how delicious foodstuffs look.last_img read more

  • Robotic arm simulates driving a Ferrari w Video

    first_img The device, called the CyberMotion Simulator, was created by Paolo Robuffo Giordano and colleagues at the Max Planck Institute for Biological Cybernetics, in Tübingen, Germany, and recently presented at the ICRA 2010 conference. Their goal was to make the experience of driving a Ferarri F2007 as realistic as possible in order to better understand how humans experience the sensation of motion, which in turn could provide insight into the cognitive processes of the brain. The robotic arm simulates the player’s steering of the car in a video game. The researchers also wanted to test the simulator in an environment that requires quick and massive acceleration. The CyberMotion Simulator has a delay of just 40 milliseconds, and allows players to be freely displaced in six degrees of freedom in space, including upside-down.The robotic arm is a Robocoaster that the researchers modified on a six-axis Kuka KR 500, which has the ability to lift up to 500 kg. The system is often used in amusement parks but normally does not allow users any control. The researchers predict that the CyberMotion Simulator could be adapted to experiences in addition to car racing, such as controlling airplanes, helicopters, and ships, as well as for telepresence applications.via: IEEE Spectrum A special kind of flight training In the CyberMotion Simulator, players can experience the quick and massive acceleration of driving a Ferrari. Credit: IEEE Spectrum. Engineers have turned a robotic arm into a “Ferrari simulator,” enabling users to feel what it’s like to experience high-speed driving while controlling the car in a video game. As shown in the video below, players sit in the robotic arm positioned about two meters off the ground, and the arm twists and turns to simulate the car’s motion. Citation: Robotic arm simulates driving a Ferrari (w/ Video) (2010, August 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from © 2010 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore furtherlast_img read more

  • Does the quantum wave function represent reality

    first_img Copyright 2012 Phys.Org All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of Colbeck and Renner argue that, unlike a weather forecast, the wave function of a quantum system fully describes reality itself, not simply a physicist’s lack of knowledge of reality. In their paper, they logically show that a quantum system’s wave function is in one-to-one correspondence with its “elements of reality,” i.e., the variables describing the system’s behavior. The claim’s only assumptions are that measurement settings can be freely chosen and that quantum theory gives the correct statistical predictions, both of which are usually implicit in physics research, as well as experimentally falsifiable.“This [idea that the wave function represents reality] means that the wave function includes all information that is in principle available about the system, i.e., nothing is missing,” Renner told “Nevertheless, even if we knew the wave function of a system (and therefore reality), its future behavior cannot be predicted with certainty. This means that there is inherent randomness in nature.”The scientists’ claim relies on two seemingly opposite statements: First, any information contained in the system’s complete list of elements of reality (the list is complete if it contains all possible predictions about the outcome of an experiment performed on the system) is already contained in the system’s wave function. That is, the wave function includes all the elements of reality. The physicists formulated this statement in a paper last year. The second statement, which the physicists present here, is that a system’s list of elements of reality includes its wave function. Taken together, the two statements imply that a system’s wave function is in one-to-one correlation with its elements of reality. By showing that the wave function fully describes reality, the argument also implies that quantum mechanics is a complete theory.“Take again the analogy to a meteorologist’s work,” Renner said. “In this analogy, the data and models used by the meteorologist take the place of the wave function, and reality corresponds to the current weather. If there was a one-to-one correspondence between the meteorologist’s data and the weather, we would be in a very favorable situation: the forecast would then be as accurate as it can possibly be, in the sense that there does not exist any information that has not been accounted for.“Similarly, our result that there is a one-to-one correspondence between the wave function and the elements of reality means that, if we know a system’s wave function then we are exactly in such a favorable situation: any information that there exists in nature and which could be relevant for predicting the behavior of a quantum mechanical system is represented one-to-one by the wave function. In this sense, the wave function is an optimal description of reality.”This argument is not the only one made recently in favor of the wave function’s complete representation of reality. In November 2011, a team of physicists from the UK (Matthew F. Pusey, Jonathan Barrett, and Terry Rudolph) argued that the subjective interpretation of the wave function contradicts plausible assumptions in quantum mechanics, such as that multiple systems can be prepared in a way so that their elements of reality are uncorrelated. While this approach is completely different from that of the current paper, the support from both papers may help point to an answer to one of the most long-standing debates in physics. In the future, Colbeck and Renner plan to work on making the assumptions less stringent than they already are.“Our result is based on the assumption that an experimenter can, in principle, ‘freely’ choose which measurements he would like to carry out,” Renner said. “Hence, if one is ready to accept this assumption, our answer can be considered final. However, it is certainly legitimate to question this ‘free choice’ assumption (as well as the way ‘free choice’ is defined). We are currently working on a proof that the assumption can be replaced by a weaker one (which one might term ‘partial freedom of choice’).” As Colbeck and Renner explain in their paper published in Physical Review Letters, there are two prominent interpretations of the wave function dating back to its origins in the 1920s. In one view, the wave function corresponds to an element of reality that objectively exists whether or not an observer is measuring it. In an alternative view, the wave function does not represent reality but instead represents an observer’s subjective state of knowledge about some underlying reality. In 1927, Niels Bohr and others advocated this alternative view in the Copenhagen interpretation, in which the wave function is merely a mathematical probability that immediately assumes only one value when an observer measures the system, resulting in the wave function collapsing. Still others disagree with both views: in the ’30s, Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen argued that the wave function does not provide a complete physical description of reality and suggested that the entire theory of quantum mechanics is incomplete.In their paper, Colbeck and Renner illustrate the difference between the two main views of the wave function’s probabilistic nature with a simple example:“Consider a meteorologist who gives a prediction about tomorrow’s weather (for example, that it will be sunny with probability 33% and cloudy with probability 67%),” they write. “We may assume that classical mechanics accurately describes the relevant processes, so that the weather depends deterministically on the initial conditions. The fact that the prediction is probabilistic then solely reflects a lack of knowledge on the part of the meteorologist on these conditions. In particular, the forecast is not an element of reality associated with the atmosphere but rather reflects the subjective knowledge of the forecaster; a second meteorologist with different knowledge may issue an alternative forecast. Moving to quantum mechanics, one may ask whether the wave function that we assign to a quantum system should be seen as a subjective object (analogous to the weather forecast) representing the knowledge an experimenter has about the system or whether the wave function is an element of reality of the system (analogous to the weather being sunny).” More information: Roger Colbeck and Renato Renner. “Is a System’s Wave Function in One-to-One Correspondence with Its Elements of Reality?” PRL 108, 150402 (2012). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.150402 Researchers conduct experimental implementation of quantum algorithm Explore furthercenter_img Two meteorologists predicting the chance of sunshine in a weather forecast. The meteorologist on the left has access to additional data (today’s weather, which is partly cloudy), and consequently the two make different forecasts. Unlike a weather forecast, the quantum mechanical wave function gives a complete description of a quantum system’s future behavior, and nature itself is inherently probabilistic at small scales. Image credit: Colbeck and Renner. ©2012 APS ( — At the heart of quantum mechanics lies the wave function, a probability function used by physicists to understand the nanoscale world. Using the wave function, physicists can calculate a system’s future behavior, but only with a certain probability. This inherently probabilistic nature of quantum theory differs from the certainty with which scientists can describe the classical world, leading to a nearly century-long debate on how to interpret the wave function: does it representative objective reality or merely the subjective knowledge of an observer? In a new paper, physicists Roger Colbeck of the Perimeter Institute in Waterloo, Ontario, and Renato Renner who is based at ETH Zurich, Switzerland, have presented an argument strongly in favor of the objective reality of the wave function, which could lead to a better understanding of the fundamental meaning of quantum mechanics. Citation: Does the quantum wave function represent reality? (2012, April 25) retrieved 18 August 2019 from This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more